Humans as creatures of God are indeed created can not be separated from the surrounding environment. As the noblest creature, humans must be able to manage and use nature, including plants, properly and responsibly. Similarly in interior design.
The rationale is that humans cannot be separated from nature, making good interior design incorporating natural elements into its design elements. Not just to show human existence that is closely related to nature, but indeed because natural elements are needed to realize a comfortable and functional interior design.
In the midst of the progress of the times and today’s busy life, it takes a functional, comfortable, creative and practical interior design. This is what underlies the need for knowledge of the types of plants complementing the contemporary interior design.
There are many reasons that make plants very important to be included in interior design. Green plants provide comfort and freshness of mind. Bright colors of flowers cheer up the atmosphere.
The oxygen produced must be healthy. In fact, some types of plants can neutralize poisons such as formaldehyde, poisons that cause respiratory problems, neurological problems, and cancer. In addition, the existence of plants in interior design can be a ‘focal point’ that beautifies space.
The Bird’s Nest Fern (Kadaka)
Fern plants or a type of fern (Pteridophyta) are widely grown in the forests of Indonesia. The types of fern plants are indeed different and unique leaves. The length of the leaves is around 25-35 cm and is rather thick.
There are several types of kadaka variants, such as: kadaka snake, kadaka osaka, and curly kadaka. The more unique the shape, the higher the selling value.
Besides being beautiful, unique, and typical of Indonesia, this plant is suitable as a symbol of the beauty of a minimalist design. Easy maintenance. This is why, we have to utilizes bird’s nest (Aspienium Scorpio) , illuminates it with sunlight, and makes it a beautiful and elegant ‘focal point’.
Sansevieria ‘Black brazilian’ is chosen as a complementary plant for interior design that produces a lot of oxygen, maintenance is easy, and does not need to be watered frequently. The way of breeding is also easy because Sansevieria produces saplings around it.
The name Sansevieria is a tribute to Pietro Antonio Sanseverino who managed to breed this plant. This plant is favored as an ornamental plant because of its easy care and cultivation. Sansevieria can grow in slightly water or dry conditions and locations exposed to direct sunlight.
Sansevieria is favored not only because of the uniqueness of its leaves, but also known as the most polluting plant. This plant has compounds that can absorb radiation (computers and other electronic equipment), carbon dioxide (formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene), cigarette smoke, and 170 other pollutants and convert it to oxygen.
In China, Korea and Barbados, Sansevieria is believed to be a carrier of luck. Sansevieria leaf shape with leaf bones parallel, reinforces the impression of minimalism in interior design.
Almost all types of palm plants can be used as a complement to interior design because the growth is upright and the appearance of the leaves is beautiful.
Palm plants are also good at absorbing pollutants. However, palm plants need a little more attention, because they have to be watered regularly. Stripes of leaf bones and palm trunks blend harmoniously with the lines on the wooden floor, furniture, and curtains.
We can also utilizes the firmness of lines from palm leaves to strengthen the impression of minimalism, as well as balancing the curvilinear elements in the shape washbasin and faucet in W.’s bathroom
Golden photos or Epipremnum aureum include unique vines, easy care, and breeding. The leaves are heart shaped, dark green or dark green with ivory yellow. Betel ivory can survive in cold temperatures and a little sunlight. The leaves are also able to absorb various pollutants in the air.
When planted in pots, the size of the leaves is small with a diameter of about 5-10cm. However, if planted directly on large land, the diameter can reach 30 cm. The stems can continue to grow if they are soaked in water on the sections, and can be placed in a room with a transparent pot.
Betel ivory also dangles beautifully in a hanging pot. So, ivory betel is suitable to be planted in various media, directly on wide land, in ordinary pots and hanging pots, or in water.
Ficus lyrata is actually a type of ornamental rubber plant, with leaves that are thick and wide. The color of the leaves is dark green and able to absorb formaldehyde and produce lots of oxygen. Ficus lyrata can survive in low temperature areas with little sunlight.
This plant is suitable to be used as a complement to the contemporary interior design with the needs of broadleaf plants as a ‘green’ element for the room. Lewin Nuramin placed a pot overgrown with Ficus lyrata on a wooden floor at Rumah W. Dark green and brown wood combined harmoniously in creating a comfortable and elegant natural atmosphere.
The name Agapanthus comes from the Greek word “agape” which means love and “anthos” which means flower. So, Agapanthus means the flower of love. Also known as Lily of the Nile, Blue Lily, or African Lily.
Agapanthus flowers are clustered and appear elegant with purplish blue shades. Agapanthus is bred with tubers, is tolerant of heat and dryness, leaves resemble grass, do not fall out easily, and beautiful blue flowers are clustered like flower balls. Beautiful flower buds will bloom in the dry season and last for several months to calm the heat of the dry season.
This flower plant, which belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family, is quite easy to treat because it only needs to be watered once a day. If planted in pots, the pot diameter should not be too large, about 20-30 cm. If the pot size is too large, the leaves will grow more fertile, and it will be difficult to flower.
The Philodendron has broad heart-shaped leaves. Easy maintenance because it can survive in environments that are exposed to sunlight or not.
Philodendron can absorb formaldehyde toxins from household furniture, such as furniture from wood, particle boards, carpets, cleaning agents, kerosene, and cigarette smoke. This plant was awarded the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit and is recommended as a plant for interior.
However, the sap of philodendron can cause skin irritation. This plant is also toxic if consumed because it contains calcium oxalate crystals. The effects of poisoning vary, from severe swelling to impaired respiratory function.
Daisies are popular as ornamental plants and complementary interior design because the colors are bright and diverse. Zeno Living chose purple and white to enlighten Modern Minimalist Kitchen with Marble.
Aside from being an ornamental plant, daisies are natural mosquito repellents because they contain pyrethrin substances, which are commonly used as a mixture of mosquito coils.
Pachiara is better known as the ‘money tree’ because many people consider it a carrier of fortune. Generally, high-leaning Pachiara sticks are braided or braided to appear slick to enhance interior design.
Pachiara is juxtaposed with forest paintings on its background and flat pebbles as ‘rugs’ to add to the naturalness of the interior garden, which features wooden tables and chairs that are deliberately rough finishing.
Spider plants (Chlorophytum comosum)
These types of grass plants often complement eclectic interior design. The long leaves dangle like spider feet, appear neatly in pots and are positioned on wooden frames on the walls.
The color and shape of the leaves resembles the tongue-in-law (Sansevieria), but not too hard so that it dangles beautifully. Plants that have long life span, actually grow well with indirect solar lighting, making it suitable to complement interior design.
The jade plant is known as the ‘money tree’ of the good luck carrier and is a symbol of close brotherhood. The thick and small leaves with dark green, beautifully complement the interior design of the main bedroom.
This plant is tolerant of a little light, but it will look healthier and its old green color will be fresher if placed next to the sun-exposed window. Maintenance is very easy, even can last without water for up to a month. Jade plants can absorb air pollution, especially from paint and thinner.
One type of plant that is currently trending is Monstera deliciosa which looks beautiful to create a tropical impression in interior design. The shape of its wide leaves resembles a heart with many holes, making plants that are included in this Philodendron easily recognizable.
Monstera deliciosa is easy to grow in Indonesia because the climate is similar to its natural habitat in tropical rainforests in Mexico and Central America.
Because of the beauty and uniqueness of the leaves and the wet stems that last long after being cut, HelloEmbryo also uses Monstera deliciosa as a ‘point of interest’ in the bedroom.
Interior design is not merely about the arrangement and use of furniture, fabric materials, or just in-made objects. Interior design will be very meaningful in providing comfort to the occupants if they use plants as part of their design elements.
Many types of plants can be used as complementary plants for contemporary interior design. The plants are not only unique and beautiful in shape and color, but also many benefits. No need to worry about bothering to include plants as an interior design element.