Japanese Architecture Traditionally characterized by wooden structures, the shape of a stage building, with a tile roof or straw.
A distinctive feature of Japanese Doors is the sliding / fading system (fusuma) that allows internal configuration of space to be adapted to different occasions.
General Features of Japanese Traditional Architecture
Traditional Japanese architecture has been heavily influenced by China and other Asian cultures for centuries.
The general structure is almost always the same as a large and curved roof, while a wall with a wooden frame is covered in thin paper.
For interior design, the walls are flexible, which can be shifted according to requirements.
The roof is the most visually impressive component, its size is almost half the size of the entire building.
The slightly curved roof extends far beyond the wall, covering the veranda, and the weight of the building must be supported by a complex bracket system called Tokyo, such as the temple and temple buildings.
Characteristics of Japanese Architecture:
- Has mild and delicate properties
- The construction of wood is more prominent and processed very smoothly with curved shapes and simplicity
- The shape of the building is arranged in balanced symmetry
- Plant architecture, naturalists and cannot be separated from building design (one unity)
- The simplicity of shapes and lines
- In garden processing it is more natural, and there is not much processing of human hands (more reasonable)
- Savings against space are more visible
- Little use of color, tendency towards color and color
Traditional Japanese Aesthetics
The interior is very simple, highlighting minimal decoration and nature.
Traditional Japanese and modern interior, combining mainly natural materials including fine wood, bamboo, silk, rice straw mats, and Shoji paper screens.
Natural ingredients used to maintain simplicity in a space that connects with nature.
The natural color scheme used and the neutral palette include black, white, off-white, gray, and brown.
Impermanence is a strong theme in traditional Japanese residences.
The size of the room can be changed by an interior sliding wall or screen, called Shoji.
Cabinets are built seamlessly into the walls of hiding futons, mattresses are pulled out before going to bed, allowing more space to be available throughout the day.
The flexibility of this residence becomes more evident with the changing seasons.
In summer, for example, exterior walls can be opened to see a park with minimal decoration.
Traditional Materials From the Interior
Most Japanese interior walls are often made of shoji screens that can be shifted open to join two rooms together, and then close them for privacy purposes.
Shoji screens are made of paper attached to a thin wooden frame that rolls on the path when they are pushed.
Another important feature of the Shoji screen besides privacy and seclusion, is for natural lighting.
This is an important aspect for Japanese design.
Translucent wallpaper allows light to be spread through space and creates light shadows and patterns.
Modern Japanese Architecture
After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Japan’s relations with European-American forces became more prominent and involved.
This relationship also influenced Western interior design into Japanese interior design.
The vernacular style is more related to tradition and the past,
But Japanese interiors can be found in Japanese houses and western homes in the late 19th and early 20th centuries are very different and almost against furniture systems, room flexibility.